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Blog post

Blog posts are freely accessible scientific communication channels made available on the web. Exchanges between the author and other individuals are made possible via the comments section. The aim is to facilitate the quick and open access dissemination of research findings or to allow for the presentation and discussion of argumentative positions on a specific scientific topic.

Gkikopoulos, P. (2020, March 10). Deploying to the Cloud. Service Prototyping Lab (SPLAB).

Subject-specific scientific blogs can be found, for example, under Science Blogs.


Commentary, legal commentary

In law, legal commentaries are explanations of the paragraphs or articles contained in one or more laws for use in practice or for the purpose of study.

Richner, F., Frei, W., Kaufmann, S., & Rohner, T. F. (2021). Kommentar zum Zürcher Steuergesetz (4. Aufl.). Verlag Zürcher Steuerrecht.
Print version in ZHAW swisscovery

Publication form: monograph

Conference report, conference transcript, proceedings

Conference reports / conference transcripts / proceedings contain the written versions of presentations held at an event.

Koch, M., Butz, A., & Schlichter, J. (Eds.). (2014). Mensch und Computer 2014 – Tagungsband. De Gruyter Oldenbourg.

Formal publication type: edited volume

Conference contributions can, however, also appear in journals.

Majerský, O. (2020). Highlights of top-quark properties measurements at the ATLAS experiment. Nuclear and Particle Physics Proceedings, 309–311, 22–29.

In repositories or when searching in Google Scholar, you may come across the preprint or postprint version of a conference contribution.


Dissertation, thesis

Dissertations / theses are detailed academic papers that address a specific issue. Doctoral and habilitation theses both fall under this category. In some cases, dissertations are also understood to include other papers produced for the attainment of an academic degree, including diploma, Bachelor's and Master's theses.

Bachelor's and Master's theses can primarily be found as electronic documents in repositories.

Kienast, M. (2017). Akquisition von Schweizer Direktinvestitionen: Die Rolle der ausländischen Investitionsförderungs-Organisationen [Bachelor's thesis, ZHAW Zürcher Hochschule für Angewandte Wissenschaften].

Noser, E. (2017). Facial appearance and its association with bio-psychosocial parameters in healthy men [Dissertation, Universität Zürich].

Süsstrunk, S. (2017). Am Arbeitsplatz über die psychische Krankheit reden oder nicht: Eine Nutzen-Risiko-Abwägung [Master's thesis, ZHAW Zürcher Hochschule für Angewandte Wissenschaften].

Habilitation (post-doctoral) and doctoral dissertations, on the other hand, are also published by publishing houses in the form of monographs.

Rehwaldt, R. (2017). Die glückliche Organisation: Chancen und Hürden für positive Psychologie im Unternehmen. Springer Gabler.


Edited volume, contribution in an edited volume

In edited volumes or collective works, individual chapters/contributions/articles are written by different authors. Editors (which can also be institutions) compile these into a complete work. The individual contributions relate to a common theme and can treat it from different perspectives.

ZHAW swisscovery, for example, is suitable for searching for academic books (monographs, collective works, etc.).

Book cover        Zotero screenshot

Figure: Edited volume cover and the most important bibliographic information for the contribution (Zotero screenshot)

Gieselmann, A. (2015). Auf dem Weg zu nutzergerechten internetbasierten Interventionen: Welche Bedürfnisse haben unsere Patienten1? In A. Weisbecker, M. Burmester, & A. Schmidt (Eds.), Mensch und Computer 2015 – Workshopband (pp. 133–136). De Gruyter.

In repositories or when searching in Google Scholar, you may come across the preprint or postprint version of a contribution in an edited volume.

Publication genres in the form of edited volumes (list not exhaustive): handbooks, encyclopaedias / dictionaries, conference reports / conference transcripts / proceedings, essays

Encyclopaedia, dictionary

Encyclopaedias / dictionaries are alphabetically arranged reference works for terms used in individual or several scientific disciplines. They help you to gain an overview of a topic, define a term or find keywords for your search.

Electronic reference works, sorted according to subject area, can be found on the University Library website.

Entire volume:
Liu, L., & Özsu, M. T. (Eds.). (2018). Encyclopedia of Database Systems. Springer.
Contribution from the volume:
Hastings, J. T., & Hill, L. L. (2018). Georeferencing. In L. Liu & M. T. Özsu (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Database Systems (pp. 1616–1620). Springer.

Publication form: edited volume, contribution in an edited volume


Essays raise research questions and represent a subjective viewpoint or highlight individual cases in an argumentative manner.

Barley, S. R. (2006). When I Write My Masterpiece: Thoughts On What Makes A Paper Interesting. Academy of Management Journal, 49(1), 16–20.

Bruyn, G. de. (2014). Fisch und Frosch oder die Selbstkritik der Moderne: Ein architekturtheoretischer Essay. Birkhäuser.

Junginger, S. (2020). A Short Essay on Designing for Complexity and Agile Governance. In S. Foraita, B. Herlo, & A. Vogelsang (Eds.), Matters of Communication - Formen und Materialitäten gestalteter Kommunikation (pp. 249–253). transcript Verlag.

Publication form: journal article, monograph, contribution in an edited volume



Handbooks are reference works with detailed entries on terms and concepts of a (sub-)discipline.

Arnold, P., Kilian, L., Thillosen, A., & Zimmer, G. M. (2013). Handbuch E-Learning (3. Aufl.). wbv Publikation.

Thiessen, A. (Ed.). (2014). Handbuch Krisenmanagement (2. Aufl.). Springer VS.

Publication form: monograph, edited volume


Journals and journal articles

A journal appears periodically (monthly, quarterly, etc.) and contains articles from various authors on a specific field. Historically, journals established themselves in the academic world because their regular publication meant that new findings could be disseminated more quickly than is the case with books.

In order to ensure the quality of academic articles, they are often subjected to a peer review process. This peer review process determines the general acceptance or rejection of a research paper and provides the authors with instructions for corrections and additions that must be made prior to publication. Just how rigorously articles are rejected in practice as well as the procedure and criteria applied for the peer review process vary from journal to journal.

Journals (electronic and print) are listed in the ZHAW swisscovery university catalogue.
You can find journal articles in ZHAW swisscovery, in specialist databases and academic search engines such as Google Scholar.

Journal cover     Screenshot Zotero

Figure: Cover and the most important bibliographic information (Zotero screenshot)

Vlachakis, K., Beyer, A., & Vayas, I. (2021). Tragverhalten von Fachwerkmasten aus Winkelprofilen. Stahlbau, 90(6), 425–440.

In repostories or when searching in Google Scholar, you may come across the preprint or postprint version of a journal article.



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